Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

A Message from the LES Chair

Friday, February 3rd, 2017

Dear LES Community,

Many of you have seen the statements from ALA and ACRL reaffirming our core values in the face of recent acts by the new presidential administration:

http://www.ala.org/news/press-releases/2017/01/ala-opposes-new-administration-policies-contradict-core-values

ACRL Board of Directors Affirms Commitment to Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, Access

(John Overholt, CoChair of RMBS, has collected additional statements from around the profession: https://medium.com/@john_overholt/the-profession-responds-32388f79430a#.1hxngqebi)

I don’t think there’s a need for LES to generate its own statement — but I will say, as your chair, that I don’t think these statements go far enough. The past two weeks have demonstrated to me that this administration represents an affront to everything I stand for as a librarian and as a human being. I can no longer separate my politics from my professional work and I will fight for what I believe in – social justice, equity, diversity, inclusion, and intellectual freedom – by any means possible and necessary.

I speak for myself, and not for the section; but I hope that we can all work together to uphold, affirm, and extend our core values. I welcome your feedback and suggestions as to how we can move forward.

Best regards,
Laura Braunstein
Chair, ACRL Literatures in English Section

Submissions for Biblio-Notes due April 17th

Friday, February 3rd, 2017

This is a call for submissions for the upcoming issue of Biblio-Notes, the LES section of ACRL’s newsletter.

Ideas for Biblio-Notes articles can include, but are not limited to, the following topics:

• Are you implementing the changes made in the 8th ed. of the MLA Handbook into your library instruction?

• How have recent efforts by certain colleges and universities to become “sanctuary campuses” informed your library’s practices?

• Did you attend ALA Midwinter in Atlanta? Did you attend the MLA Convention in Philadelphia?

• Are you engaged in an innovative project related to LES at your library?

• Were you recently hired, promoted, published, tenured, or otherwise excellent? Your fellow LES members want to know.

Please send your submissions for the Spring 2017 issue in .doc, .docx, .odt, or .rtf format to Brian Flota (flotabc@jmu.edu) by the end of the day on Monday, April 17th.

Biblio-Notes is a newsletter. Brief articles in the 250-1000 word range are ideal. If you have any ideas for an article or other relevant content, feel free to let us know.

ALA Midwinter Updated 2017 Discussion Groups

Wednesday, January 25th, 2017

Below is information about ALA Midwinter Discussion Groups. Mark your calendars for the following:

ACRL LES Midwinter Executive Committee Meeting
Date and Time: 02/10/2017 2:00PM – 4:00PM EST
Location: TBD
Contact: Laura Braunstein

ACRL LES Publications Committee Meeting
Start Time: 02/01/2017 2:00PM – 3:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Brian Flota

ACRL LES Collections Virtual Participation Meeting
Start Time: 01/18/2017 3:00PM – 4:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Robin Kear and Chris Ruotolo

ACRL LES Membership Committee Virtual Meeting
Start Time: 01/30/2017 11:00AM – 12:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Piper Martin

ACRL LES Reference Virtual Participation Meeting
Start Time: 02/07/2017 2:00PM – 3:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Carol Leibiger and Nancy Foasberg

To browse other discussion and interest group meetings scheduled for ALA Midwinter in Atlanta, visit the conference schedule online. To browse other virtual and in-person discussion group and committee meetings, search in ALA Connect. If you would like to share other Midwinter discussion group meetings of interest to LES members, post to the LES Facebook page or tweet to @LES_ACRL.

ALA Midwinter 2017 Virtual Discussion Groups!

Wednesday, January 18th, 2017

Below is information about ALA Midwinter Discussion Groups. Mark your calendars for the following:

ACRL LES Midwinter Executive Committee Meeting
Date and Time: 02/10/2017 2:00PM – 4:00PM EST
Location: TBD
Contact: Laura Braunstein

ACRL LES Publications Committee Meeting
Start Time: 02/01/2017 2:00PM – 3:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Brian Flota

ACRL LES Reference Virtual Participation Meeting
Start Time: 02/07/2017 2:00PM – 3:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Nancy Foasberg

ACRL LES Collections Virtual Participation Meeting
Start Time: 01/18/2017 3:00PM – 4:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Robin Kear and Chris Ruotolo

To browse other discussion and interest group meetings scheduled for ALA Midwinter in Atlanta, visit the conference schedule online. To browse other virtual and in-person discussion group and committee meetings, search in ALA Connect. If you would like to share other Midwinter discussion group meetings of interest to LES members, post to the LES Facebook page or tweet to @LES_ACRL.

Don’t Miss these LES events at ALA Orlando 2016!

Wednesday, June 15th, 2016

Saturday, June 25
8:30 am – 10:00 am
Executive Committee Meeting I
Hilton Orlando
Room Florida Ballroom 3

10:30 -11:30
MLA International Bibliography Discussion Group**
Hilton Orlando
Room Championsgate

1:00 pm – 2:30pm
LES/SEES/WESS Forum: Archiving the Present: Primary Sources and Unique and Distinctive Collections in European and American Studies
Hilton Orlando
Room Orange Ballroom A – B

4:00- 5:30pm
General Membership Forum
Orange County Convention
Center, Room W202C

5:30- 7:00
Informal Social
Café Tu Tu Tango

Sunday, June 26
10:30 AM – 11:30 AM
Reference Discussion Group
Hilton Orlando
Room Championsgate

1:00 PM – 2:00 PM
Collections Discussion Group
Hilton Orlando
Room Florida Ballroom 7

4:00-5:30
Digital Humanities Interest Group**
Hilton Orlando
Room Orange Ballroom E-F

Monday, June 27
8:30 am – 10:00 am
All Committees Meeting
Hilton Orlando
Room Florida Ballroom 2

10:30 am – 11:30 am
Executive Committee Meeting II
Hilton Orlando
Room Clear Lake

** Not an official LES meeting but of possible interest to LES members

Updated ALA Midwinter Discussion Groups

Monday, January 4th, 2016

Below is the updated information about ALA Midwinter Discussion Groups. Mark your calendars for the following:

ACRL LES Midwinter Executive Committee Meeting
Date and Time: 01/25/2016 11:00AM – 1:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Amanda Rust

ACRL LES Membership Committee Virtual Midwinter Meeting
Date and Time: 01/15/2016 11:00AM – 12:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Liorah Golomb

ACRL LES Publications Committee Meeting
Start Time: 01/12/2016 1:00PM – 2:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: John Glover

ACRL LES Reference DG Virtual Meeting
Start Time: 02/01/2016 3:00PM – 4:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Nancy Foasberg or Carol Lebiger

ACRL LES Virtual Participation Meeting
Start Time: 01/15/2016 2:00PM – 3:30PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: David Oberhelman

To browse other discussion and interest group meetings scheduled for ALA Midwinter in Boston, visit the conference schedule online and narrow by: “Type of Library” (Academic) and “Meeting Type” (Discussion/Interest group). To browse other virtual and in-person discussion group and committee meetings, search in ALA Connect. If you would like to share other Midwinter discussion group meetings of interest to LES members, post to the LES Facebook page or tweet to @LES_ACRL.

2016 ALA Midwinter Discussion Group Meetings!

Wednesday, December 16th, 2015

Below is information about ALA Midwinter Discussion Groups to look forward to in January. Mark your calendars for the following:

ACRL LES Midwinter Executive Committee Meeting
Date and Time: 01/25/2016 11:00AM – 1:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Amanda Rust

ACRL LES Membership Committee Virtual Midwinter Meeting
Date and Time: 01/15/2016 11:00AM – 12:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: Liorah Golomb

ACRL LES Publications Committee Meeting
Start Time: 01/12/2016 11:00AM – 12:00PM EST
Location: Online
Contact: John Glover

To browse other discussion and interest group meetings scheduled for ALA Midwinter in Boston, visit the conference schedule online and narrow by: “Type of Library” (Academic) and “Meeting Type” (Discussion/Interest group). To browse other virtual and in-person discussion group and committee meetings, search in ALA Connect. If you would like to share other Midwinter discussion group meetings of interest to LES members, post to the LES Facebook group or tweet to @LES_ACRL.

LES transitions to Facebook Page

Wednesday, March 4th, 2015

The LES Facebook page is now live! We will be transitioning to this Facebook platform over the next few months. If you are currently a member of the LES Facebook group, please take the following steps to begin the transition.

  • LIKE the new Facebook page!
  • Click on “Liked” and select “Get Notifications”
  • Post to the Facebook page rather than to the Facebook group
  • Why are we making this transition?
    The Facebook page will allow LES to have greater public visibility online, and will make it easier for the LES social media coordinator to schedule reminders and share news and events with you. By transitioning to a Facebook page, LES will be able to use Facebook to attract new librarians to join us and learn about what we do, while continuing to share important section news with existing members.

    What will be different?
    You will still be able to share news and other items of interest by posting to the page, but posts will no longer automatically appear in your Notifications. To receive Notifications from the LES Facebook page, you will need to go to the page, click on “Liked” and select “Get Notifications”.

    Screeshot of How to get Notifications

    Posts you add to the page will automatically appear on the left side of the page, and the LES social media coordinator will make sure to add them to the Facebook page timeline so that they will appear in the News Feed and Notifications.

    What will happen to the LES Facebook group?
    The LES Facebook page will replace the LES Facebook group as the LES Facebook communication platform. Content from the existing LES Facebook group will be saved and archived in the LES wiki. Members of the Facebook group will have the next few months to ease into the transition.

    If you have any questions or suggestions, please submit a comment below.

    LES Social at Midwinter

    Thursday, January 2nd, 2014

    ALA midwinter logo

    Are you attending ALA Midwinter in Philadelphia?  If so, please join your fellow LES members on Saturday, January 25 from 6-8 PM at Maggiano’s in Center City. LES will provide appetizers. Drinks and additional food can be purchased.

    Date: January 25
    Time:  6PM – 8PM
    Location: Maggiano’s Little Italy
    1201 Filbert Street, Philadelphia, PA

    This is also a great opportunity for those interested in the LES section to meet some of our members.  Library students, recent graduates, and literature and humanities librarians are welcome to attend!

    LES is also hosting virtual discussion group meetings for Midwinter that are open to all.  You can learn more about these meetings, and other relevant meetings that will be held at Midwinter at http://www.acrl.ala.org/lesblog/?p=364.

    REBLOG: “Leaves of Graph” by Pete Coco

    Thursday, August 23rd, 2012

    About Aaron McCollough

    English Literature Librarian, University of Michigan

    Originally posted ato ACRLog (http://acrlog.org/2012/08/23/leaves-of-graph/) by Pete Coco. Pete is the Humanities Librarian at Wheaton College in Norton, MA and Managing Editor at Each Moment a Mountain: Archivally Inspired Art and Inquiry.

    Note: This post makes heavy use of web content from Google Search and Knowledge Graph. Because this content can vary by user and is subject to change at anytime, this essay uses screenshots instead of linking to live web pages in certain cases. As of the completion of this post, these images continue to match their live counterparts for a user from Providence, RI not logged in to Google services.

    This That, Not That That

    Early this July, Google unveiled its Knowledge Graph, a semantic reference tool nestled into the top right corner of its search results pages. Google’s video announcing the product makes no risk of understating Knowledge Graph’s potential, but there is a very real innovation behind this tool and it is twofold. For one, Knowledge Graph can distinguish between homonyms and connect related topics. For a clear illustration of this function, consider the distinction one might make between bear and bearsThough the search results page for either query include content related to both grizzlies andquarterbacks, Knowledge Graph knows the difference.

    Second, Knowledge Graph purports to contain over 500 million articles. This puts it solidly ahead of Wikipedia, which reports having about 400 million, and lightyears ahead of professionally produced reference tools like Encyclopaedia Brittanica Online, which comprises an apparently piddling 120,000 articles. Combine that almost incomprehensible scope with integration into Google Search, and without much fanfare suddenly the world has its broadest and most prominently placed reference tool.

    For years, Google’s search algorithm has been making countless, under-examined choices on behalf of its users about the types of results they should be served. But at its essence, Knowledge Graph presents a big symbolic shift away from (mostly) matching it to web content – content that, per extrinsic indicators, the search algorithm serves up and ranks for relevance – toward the act of openly interpreting the meaning of a search query and making decisions based in that interpretation. Google’s past deviations from the relevance model, when made public, have generally been motivated by legal requirements (such as those surrounding hate speech in Europe or dissent in China) and, more recently, the dictates of profit. Each of these moves has met with controversy.

    And yet in the two months since its launch, Knowledge Graph has not been a subject of much commentary at all. This is despite the fact that the shift it represents has big implications that users must account for in their thinking, and can be understood as part of larger shifts the information giant has been making to leverage the reputation earned with Search toward other products.

    Librarians and others teaching about internet media have a duty to articulate and problematize these developments. Being in many ways a traditional reference tool, Knowledge Graph presents a unique pedagogic opportunity. Just as it is critical to understand the decisions Google makes on our behalf when we use it to search the web, we must be critically aware of the claim to a newly authoritative, editorial role Google is quietly staking with Knowledge Graph – whether it means to be claiming that role or not.

    Perhaps especially if it does not mean to. With interpretation comes great responsibility.

    Some Questions

    The value of the Knowledge Graph is in its ability to authoritatively parse semantics in a way that provides the user with “knowledge.” Users will use it assuming its ability to do this reliably, or they will not use it at all.

    Does Knowledge Graph authoritatively parse semantics?

    What is Knowledge Graph’s editorial standard for reliability? What constitutes “knowledge” by this tool’s standard? “Authority”?

    What are the consequences for users if the answer to these questions is unclear, unsatisfactory, or both?

    What is Google’s responsibility in such a scenario?

    He Sings the Body Electric

    Consider an example: Walt Whitman. As of this writing, the poet’s entry in Knowledge Graph looks like this (click the image to enlarge):

    You might notice the most unlikely claim that Whitman recorded an album called This is the Day. Follow the link and you are brought to a straight, vanilla Google search for this supposed album’s title. The first link in that result list will bring you to a music video on Youtube:

    Parsing this mistake might bring one to a second search: “This is the Day Walt Whitman.” The results list generated by that search yield another Youtube video at the top, resolving the confusion: a second, comparably flamboyant Walt Whitman, a choir director from Chicago, has recorded a song by that title.

     

    Note the perfect storm of semantic confusion. The string “Walt Whitman” can refer to either a canonical poet or a contemporary gospel choir director while, at the same time, “This is the Day” can refer either to a song by The The or that second, lesser-known Walt Whitman.

    Further, “This is the Day” is in both cases a song, not an album.

    Knowledge Graph, designed to clarify exactly this sort of semantic confusion, here manages to create and potentially entrench three such confusions at once about a prominent public figure.

    Could there be a better band than one called The The to play a role in this story?

    Well Yeah

    This particular mistake was first noted in mid-July. More than a month later, it still stands.

    At this new scale for reference information, we have no way of knowing how many mistakes like this one are contained within Knowledge Graph. Of course it’s fair to assume this is an unusual case, and to Google’s credit, they address this sort of error in the only feasible way they could, with a feedback mechanism that allows users to suggest corrections. (No doubt bringing this mistake the attention of ACRLog’s readers means Walt Whitman’s days as a time-traveling new wave act are numbered.)

    Is Knowledge Graph’s mechanism for correcting mistakes adequate? Appropriate?

    How many mistakes like this do there need to be to make a critical understanding of Knowledge Graph’s gaps and limitations crucial to even casual use?

    Interpreting the Gaps

    Many Google searches sampled for this piece do not yield a Knowledge Graph result. Consider an instructive example: “Obama birth certificate.” Surely, there would be no intellectually serious challenge to a Knowledge Graph stub reflecting the evidence-based consensus on this matter. Then again, there might be a very loud one.

    Similarly not available in Knowledge Graph are stubs on “evolution,” or “homosexuality.” In each case, it should be noted that Google’s top ranked search results are reliably “reality-based.” Each is happy to defer to Wikipedia.

    In other instances, the stub for topics that seem to reach some threshold of complexity and/or controversy defers to “related” stubs in favor of making nuanced editorial decisions. Consider the entries for “climate change” and the “Vietnam war,” here presented in their entirety.

    In moments such as these, is it unreasonable to assume that Knowledge Graph is shying away from controversy and nuance? More charitably, we might say that this tool is simply unequipped to deal with controversy and nuance. But given the controversial, nuanced nature of “knowledge,” is this second framing really so charitable?

    What responsibility does a reference tool have to engage, explicate or resolve political controversy?

    What can a user infer when such a tool refuses to engage with controversy?

    What of the users who will not think to make such an inference?

    To what extent is ethical editorial judgment reconcilable with the interests of a singularly massive, publicly traded corporation with wide-ranging interests cutting across daily life?

    One might answer some version of the above questions with the suggestion that Knowledge Graph avoids controversy because it is programmed only to feature information that meets some high standard of machine-readable verification and/or cross-referencing. The limitation is perhaps logistical, baked into the cake of Knowledge Graph’s methodology, and it doesn’t necessarily limit the tool’s usefulness for certain purposes so long as the user is aware of the boundaries of that usefulness. Perhaps in that way this could be framed as a very familiar sort of challenge, not so different from the one we face with other media, whether it’s cable news or pop-science journalism.

    This is all true, so far as it goes. Still, consider an example like the stub for HIV:

    There are countless reasons to be uncomfortable with a definition of HIV implicitly bounded by Ryan White on one end and Magic Johnson on the other. So many important aspects of the virus are omitted here – the science of it, for one, but even if Knowledge Graph is primarily focused on biography, there are still important female, queer or non-American experiences of HIV that merit inclusion in any presentation of this topic. This is the sort of stub in Knowledge Graph that probably deserves to be controversial.

    What portion of useful knowledge cannot – and never will – bend to a machine-readable standard or methodology?

    Ironically, it is Wikipedia that, for all the controversy it has generated over the years, provides a rigorous, deeply satisfactory answer to the same problem: a transparent governance structure guided in specific instances by ethical principle and human judgment. This has more or less been the traditional mechanism for reference tools, and it works pretty well (at least up to a certain scale). Even more fundamental, length constraints on Wikipedia are forgiving, and articles regularly plumb nuance and controversy. Similarly, a semantic engine like Wolfram Alpha successfully negotiates this problem by focusing on the sorts of quantitative information that isn’t likely to generate so much political controversy. The demographics of its user-base probably help too.

    Of course, Google’s problem here is that it searches everything for every purpose. People use it everyday to arbitrate contested facts. Many users assume that Google is programmatically neutral on questions of content itself, intervening only to organize results for their relevance to our questions; Google, then, has no responsibility for the content itself. This assumption is itself complicated and, in many ways, was problematic even before the debut of Knowledge Graph. All the same, it is a “brand” that Knowledge Graph will no doubt leverage in a new direction. Many users will intuitively trust this tool and the boundaries of “knowledge” enforced by its limitations and the prerogatives of Google and its corporate actors.

    So:

    Consider the college freshman faced with all these ambiguities. Let’s assume that she knows not to trust everything she reads on the internet. She has perhaps even learned this lesson too well, forfeiting contextual, critical judgment of individual sources in favor of a general avoidance of internet sources. Understandably, she might be stubbornly loyal to the internet sources that she does trust.

    Trading on the reputation and cultural primacy of Google search, Knowledge Graph could quickly become a trusted source for this student and others like her. We must use our classrooms to provide this student with the critical engagement of her professors, librarians and peers on tools like this one and the ways in which we can use them to critically examine the gaps so common in conventional wisdom. Of course Knowledge Graph has a tremendous amount of potential value, much of which can only proceed from a critical understanding of its limitations.

    How would this student answer any of the above questions?

    Without pedagogical intervention, would she even think to ask them?